Worms in dogs and their impact on the animal

Some of the most dangerous parasites that can harm your pet — worms, or helminths. Ensure that the dog did not have them at all — almost an impossible task. Yes, and in its implementation there is little need. Danger arises only when infection becomes too strong. Usually adult dogs a high level of resistance of the organism, but the lives of puppies worms really threatened.


Ascaris — worms, which are most often affect dogs


One of the most common and dangerous types of worms are round worms, or roundworm. They live in the intestines and reach a length of 12 to 20 cm roundworm eggs can only be seen under a microscope.


In the presence of the dog roundworm observed intestinal upset (diarrhea or constipation), gas, bloated stomach, too strong appetite. The animal’s hair becomes dull and breath — sweet. Puppies infected with Ascaris, in addition to the usual symptoms may appear anemia and low temperature. In some cases, parasites form a tight coil, which can block the intestines that leads to the death of the dog.


Moreover, roundworm sometimes settle in the liver or the lungs, which is also fraught with very dangerous consequences. Their larvae pierce the pulmonary vessels, weakening the lung tissue, and the animal becomes ill with pneumonia.


Ezofagnye (esophageal) worms


If this kind of worms settled in the esophagus, the animal is observed difficulty swallowing, vomiting appear. Dog noticeably losing weight. If the balls are collected from the mass of worms in the trachea or lungs of an animal appears coughing, difficulty breathing (up to choking). Sometimes the dog aorta weakens so that the dog dies from blood loss.



Whipping worms


Severe infection is accompanied by gastro-intestinal disorders, weight loss, diarrhea, nervousness, fainting. Whipping worms produce toxins that can cause anemia in an animal.


For the prevention of infection by helminths first need to carefully monitor the cleanliness of utensils, out of which the dog eats and drinks, with the nipples lactating bitches. Once a quarter definitely need to give the dog a deworming medication (including vaccination and prior to mating).


Dog’s voming

Vomiting in dogs can occur for a variety of reasons. It is caused by poisoning, and infectious diseases. It is important to immediately identify when there is vomiting (before eating, after, or independently of it), as is often repeated urging, there is blood in the vomit. You also need to check the temperature of the animal’s body.


If your dog vomits frequently (every hour or more often) and thus she have diarrhea — perhaps it is a viral infection. Carefully observe the general condition of the pet. Lethargy, depression confirm the presence of viral infection in the body. If the animal has all of the above symptoms, do not waste any time — as soon as possible please contact your veterinarian .


First aid for suspected infection


Dog needs first aid, to try to stop the vomiting. One of the best ways to do this — injection spazmalitiki and antiemetic drugs — no-spa, Cerucalum. Well give the animal adsorbents (activated carbon, enterosgel, Enterodesum, Polyphepanum, etc.).


If vomiting during the day does not stop, can begin dehydration. It is life-threatening, and in this case your pet will need to put a drip.


First aid for poisoning


Emergency access to a doctor is also necessary if there is suspicion of poisoning the animal industry poison or drugs. It should administer antidotes that only an expert can do. Often dogs become victims of poison for rodents, which in most cases ends sadly.


Immediately contact your doctor if cramps accompanied by a body temperature above 39 degrees, if found in the vomit blood drop.


Should be taken very seriously to such a problem in the puppy — he may die from dehydration in just a day.


Other causes of vomiting


If vomiting in dogs is rare, but regularly — once a day or once a week — perhaps in your pet disease of the internal organs. In this case, the dog must be examined in the first place — to be tested for worms .


Recovering from illness


After the cessation of vomiting dog for a few days should be put on a diet. On the first day better hold it altogether without food, give only water. On the second day you can give a bit of congee or medicinal food. Allowed up to five devices such food a day.


Help the dog recover herbal teas (chamomile, flax seed), which is likely to have to enter by force, up to six times a day. The more pet drink the broth, the better.

How to dry the dog after a bath?

For many novice dog owners a pressing question of how to bathe your pet. But it is equally important to properly dry your four-legged friend after water treatment.

After bathing the dog should be slightly wet towel and allow to dry on their own. No need to try to wipe out all the superfluous moisture from the hair, because, first, it will cause additional discomfort for the animal, and secondly, such methods still fail to wipe the animal. Puppy after bathing better hold wrapped in a towel for a while to excess moisture is absorbed into the fabric.

Make sure that the room in which the animal after water treatment was warm, draft-free, otherwise your pet can catch a cold.For dogs and puppies small size can even cook a hot water bottle with warm water.

If your pet is not afraid of loud noises, can be dried her hair with a hair dryer. In this case, you need to ensure that the jet of air is not too hot and not burn the dog’s skin (choose mode of drying with warm air and a small power boost).

Walk the dog will be at least three to four hours after the completion of all procedures. Therefore, it is best to bathe the animal in the evening before going to bed — night time to coat completely dry.

Keep in mind that the basis of the proper care of a dog are the attention and care that the four-footed pet feel comfortable. No matter what breed your dog, bathing with shampoos and other detergents for her — not quite a natural process. This is due to the fact that the animal after the bath ceases to feel your natural smell, which serves as a means of identification. This is a cause for concern and, therefore, the desire to get covered in grass or some other «flavored» place. Usually a day or two, everything comes back to normal, and the dog feels comfortable again.

When and how to vaccinate dogs?

In veterinary use two types of vaccines. To stimulate processes that produce antibody preparations are used which contain a part of live viruses in a weakened state. To maintain the necessary number of antibodies produced booster vaccination, which are used for dead germs.


To date, there are drugs on the canine distemper, hepatitis, parainfluenza, leptospirosis, rabies, parvovirus and coronavirus infections.

Vaccination is carried out by experienced veterinarian. Conduct its own can not, as it may harm the health of the animal.


Dates of vaccination


Dogs who are bottle-fed, have passive immunity, so the first vaccination for them to go through three to four weeks after birth.


Despite the fact that the vaccinated females of antibodies in blood and in milk is much higher than the unvaccinated do not vaccinate them during pregnancy — this must be done in advance. Prior to breeding them to be sure to be vaccinated against canine distemper and hepatitis.


The frequency with which produce vaccines, may vary from one year to three years — it all depends on the infection. Some vaccinations are only those animals that live in an area with a high incidence of a specific disease. This primarily refers to leptospirosis, parainfluenza and rabies.


Vaccination against distemper in puppies starts at age six to eight months of life. Vaccinations are repeated every three weeks until they reach 12-14 months. After that vaccination is repeated annually or as indicated on the specific drug.


Why is the vaccine does not always work?


It is important to remember that vaccination does not always produce the expected results. This may be due to improper storage of a drug or a decrease in the required dose. Furthermore, some compounds may have a suppressive effect on the production of antibodies and thus weaken the effect of the vaccine. These include, for example, cortisone.


However, the case and the way that the body itself does not take a dog vaccination. Often it happens with young puppies who have blocked the formation of passive immunity active.


The state of the sick animal would be better if he just entered the serum against the disease. But before that, need to see a specialist for advice, as the body of each dog reacts differently to medications.

How to protect your dog from ticks and other insects?

Today, there are several remedies dog from ticks and other harmful insects. It can be sprays, drops or special collars. First of all, you should pay attention to the manufacturer, its credibility and product reviews, as it is how hard is conducted quality control on production, depends on what level of protection would be an animal.


How do drugs?

Regardless of the form, the circuit of sprays, drops and the collars is the same. Lipophilic properties of the filler, in which the active ingredient is dissolved protective drug insectoacaricides allow to soak into the subcutaneous tissue and accumulate in the sebaceous follicles. Active ingredient together with a secret allocated in small portions to the skin surface for a fairly long time.

Mites and any other insects may still be attached to the dog’s coat, but due to the composition of the protective activity of parasites is greatly reduced, and after a while they die.


How to choose the most effective way?

Manufacturers, depending on the form of preparation, it is recommended to apply drops and sprays, several times a week at various points in the animal body. Collars emit poison dispensed during wear.

Because some features, including nonuniform concentration of the substance on the skin, is the most effective means of spray. To achieve the best results, it should be applied according to instructions, and an additional spray every day in small doses on the dog’s coat.


Combining medications properly

Quite a convenient and effective method is to use a combination of drops and sprays containing one active substance. In this case the drops are used to indicate the developer and spray applied daily to consolidate the results.

Of the collar along with sprays and drops unacceptable. First, the mixing of multiple different formulations can lead to dangerous health pet chemical reaction. Second, the dog may appear allergic to additional components.

In addition to these forms of protection, other variations exist. Of which there is no vaccine that would once and for all guaranteed protection against re-infection and insect bites. Therefore, pay more attention to the protection of dogs currently known methods, inspect the hair as often as possible.

Rabies in dogs. How not to get infected by their four-legged friend?

Rabies — a viral disease that affects the nervous system. Unfortunately, it is widespread, so they can get sick any warm-blooded animal, including man. Typically, symptoms do not appear until 3-6 weeks in adult dogs, and up to 5-7 days in puppies. Very rarely, the latent period of the disease in pets lasts about a year.


How to identify the disease?

There are the following stages of violent forms of rabies in dogs. During the incubation period, the animal may become sluggish, hiding in the darkened corners, while the appetite is lost. Sometimes a pet is, on the contrary, shows increased activity, does not depart from the host. This state alternates with fearfulness, irritability. Dog may bark incessantly. Appetite is sometimes distorted — was not suited to the usual stern, however, eats unexpected items: cloth, stones, paper.

Infected animal gnawing teeth bite. Then comes the increased salivation and lacrimation. The dog pants, the barking becomes hoarse voice disappears. It becomes aggressive, attacks the people.

At the next stage the animal is in a depressed state. Exhausted, it lies motionless, his body emaciated. Paralyzed muscles, jaw drops, tongue falls out of the mouth, the hind legs longer serve. Gradually affected the entire nervous system, paralyzing the respiratory apparatus and the heart, and then the dog dies.

Recently, more common form of silent rage. Symptoms of the disease are mild. The outcome of this form occurs on the second or fourth day. Atypical disease is accompanied by characteristic symptoms of gastritis and enteritis — vomiting, diarrhea, blood.


What steps need to be taken?

At the slightest suspicion of the dog should be isolated, and then seek help from a veterinarian. In no case, no time to lose.

In order to protect your pet from this terrible disease, you need to do it vaccinated against rabies. Vaccination is carried out once a year.

Do not forget about the simple, but no less effective methods of prevention of infectious diseases that can protect the entire family. How can you wash your hands frequently when in contact with any animal. Regularly drive a pet to the vet for a health check.

How to teach a child to take care of my dog?

The appearance of the dog in the family — always a joy, especially for children. However, the four-legged pet, but love requires care and proper care. Who will take care of him — the parents or the little master? The answer to this question depends on how serious the family came to the decision to get a dog. Its senior members have to prepare for this event, and that you find out what difficulties they might expect. How to do it right?

First, think about whether the child is able by virtue of age to take care of the pet. For most children 10-12 years old dog — a partner for more games than the object for concern. Maybe you should wait until the son or daughter grow up to consciousness.

If the child has grown up and the decision to have a furry pet is accepted, you need to pay attention to the stock character of his child. Parental very lightly right to demand serious attention to the care of the pet, such as a hyperactive child who due to the nature of development itself is often not able to fully take care of yourself. This, of course, does not mean that these children can not start a pet. Conversely, psychologists are advised to bring their responsibility through caring for others. Only parents should be prepared for the fact that the process of attracting small owner to care for a dog will not go very smoothly and quickly.

What to do when it is responsible in other areas of the child does not want to take care of my dog? Maybe it is too difficult for him due to the fact that parents explain the unclear rules of care. Adults often do not want to stoop to the level of understanding of children, do not want more time to explain basic concepts in their opinion. Meanwhile, the child has a slightly different vision of the world, for it requires a special approach. Educate all accessible language, do not dismiss the usual «What is there to understand?». Child is sure to hear it.

Watch for socializing children and dogs. Well, if a mutual understanding between them and love. What if there is no … Maybe the dog is jealous, competing with his master for the attention of other members of the family. Or psychological traits, such as aggressiveness, pet prevents the child to become attached to him with all my heart. There can be no concern and care of the little master. In such a case it is necessary to tackle this problem and perhaps a visit to straighten out his dog handlers and dogs, if it fails to do yourself.

Finally, pay attention to your level of knowledge about care. Adults, especially if this is the first dog in their life, does not prevent learn more about it. You can read books, watch movies and shows about animals, see the thematic web sites. A better turn to the professionals of the business.

To do this, bring the child to a special workshop for children in the «school of grooming» Bonsheri »(www.petsgroomer.ru). In this lesson, master groomers teach children simple but important rules of caring for a dog. They demonstrate how to wash and dry your pet, cut his claws, to take care of the hair, how to choose the right shampoo and combs. It is important that these lessons are held in a positive atmosphere of love for cute animals. Having mastered the basic skills, small owners will be able to take on the responsibility of caring for a pet.

As you can see, many aspects of bringing the child to the care of a dog can be provided or smooth. Then the happiness of visiting the house of a four-legged friend will be bright.